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by:Yucai     2019-12-12
South Africa: after years of trying to undermine South African tobacco control legislation, bat failed in the latest legal challenges (BAT)
Almost at the end of the road.
On June 20, the country\'s Supreme Court rejected an appeal by Batsa, a South African subsidiary of British and American Tobacco, against a lower court ruling that the country\'s ban on tobacco advertising was constitutional.
In 1999, South Africa banned tobacco advertising through the 1993 amendment to the Tobacco Products Management Act.
However, tobacco companies claim to have a loophole that allows them to go through social media and direct
Promotion: in an industry language, in-to-
A foundation for adult smokers.
Strategies include \"cigarette parties\" and \"popular\" marketing;
Particularly effective in access to children and adolescents. oas_tag.
Parliament 2008 revised the law again to prohibit this marketing strategy.
However, on 2009, Batsa went to the north houden High Court in the capital Pretoria and asked it to declare that the amendment to the act was not in conformity with the Constitution, or to explain that the amendment allowed one --to-
Continue the promotion once.
When the court dismissed the case of Batsa on May 2011, Batsa appealed to the Supreme Court of Appeal.
The case demonstrates the importance of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
Defense of national legislation
The judgement specifically states that, as a party to the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, South Africa has an obligation to consider the requirements of the treaty, in particular Article 13, requiring parties to ban all tobacco advertising, promotional activities and sponsorship
The Minister of Health and the legislature, in considering what measures to take to address the risks posed by tobacco use, do not allow the neglect of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Justice Mthiyane noted that tobacco advertising increased the clear evidence of tobacco sales as one of the factors in the government\'s responsibility to ban tobacco advertising.
Judge Farlam, another judge, cut directly into the heart of the matter and wrote \"all communications [1]Batsa]
The desire to be designed in some way or otherwise is to promote the sale of its products, thereby maintaining the mischief that the Act aims to combat.
\"While the South African court system has shown exemplary understanding of the intention of the country\'s parliament in adopting and amending its tobacco bill, Batsa has not given up.
On July 10, on the last day of its opening to it, it issued a notice of appeal to the South African Constitutional Court, showing the meaning of BAT for \"operational liability.
The company explained on its website, \"If a company manages a product with a health risk, it is particularly important to manage the product responsibly.
\"In South Africa, this means doing everything possible to stop legislation aimed at reducing the number of people recruited to smoke, which has caused 8%-9% deaths across the country.
On August 8, the Constitutional Court upheld the Supreme Court\'s decision. Thailand: anti-
Smoking ads go to viralA\'s powerful counter
The smoking ads produced by the Thai Health Promotion Foundation have gone viral and have been watched more than 3 million times in 3 weeks.
It is produced by Thai company Ogilvy, showing young children close to unsuspecting adults who are smoking and asking them to light their lights.
In each case, adults not only refuse to give the children a little light, but do not hesitate to tell them all the reasons for not smoking.
Then the child handed the adult a note saying, \"You worry about me, but why not worry about yourself?
Reminding yourself is the most effective warning to help you quit smoking.
Call the smoking cessation hotline to quit smoking.
\"The ad is widely praised for its new approach to getting smokers to list their own reasons for not smoking;
This in itself proves the effectiveness of Thailand\'s comprehensive tobacco control approach.
Youtube is one of the most watched links to the video, it is at least equally popular in English
Countries like Thailand have a global reach.
In Thailand, it also increased its phone number to Quitline by 40%.
At the time of the upcoming launch, Ogilvy Asia has just exceeded 26 000 views linked to advertisements.
The video is released by multiple other users and usually generates tens of thousands of views, in one case more than 2 million.
The success of the video demonstrates the potential of global social marketing methods, which have universal themes and are widely disseminated through social media.
To view ads and other reviews, visit the tobacco control blog, Russia: snus, which is aimed at a joint venture by Philip Morris International-December 2011 SMPMPMI)
After the early testing markets in Taiwan and Canada, snus, Sweden, started a trial market in Russia.
PMI\'s high-end cigarette brand Council has launched three snus varieties to leverage its strong presence in Russia.
A few months ago, Las dargren, CEO of match Sweden, told investors that given the \"marketing restrictions [in Russia]
The Taiwan market and the Canadian market are not as strict as before \".
Advertising company Proximity Russia recently shared the marketing campaign of the brand on Behance.
Net, an online network showing professional and creative works (
The briefing close to Russia is \"launching a new type of tobacco product for wealthy audiences in the Russian market, operating in the Dark Market Context \".
Proximity developed graphic ads that depict good
Stylish product display unit and product website (
Currently only open to registered users.
The proposed marketing strategy also includes \"youth engagement materials\" and the use of attractive and successful young adults as brand ambassadors, known as \"snus envoy \".
Similar technology was used in the medium term
S. tobacco companies in the 1980 s tried to implement smoke-free tobacco products. cheers and robbers pay college students in Europe to push its peers.
Contrary to the industry\'s argument that snus should be legalized in the EU and provide smokers with a tobacco alternative that is less harmful than cigarettes, snus is likely to be in the new market to young people and non-tobacco users.
This is in line with the US evidence that marketing information in the US tobacco industry is used to promote the dual use of smoke-free tobacco and cigarettes, and to encourage young non-smoke-free tobacco absorptiontobacco users.
Looking at the marketing materials and accompanying briefings for the parliamentary campaign, there is no indication that the current smokers are the target audience of the Russian parliament snus.
Russia: Parliament snus aims at screenshots of young people by using the brand \"ambassador\", such (archived URL).
University of California, Bath Karen Evans Universitypeeters{at}bath. ac.
UkJapan: In Japan, 50% of smokers hold \"taspo\" cards with a wide range of products on vending machines.
According to the Japan Association of vending machine manufacturers (JVMA)
The total number of vending machines in Japan is 5.
2010 2 million.
The most widely used machines are 2.
6 million of drinks are sold, followed by tobacco machines, including Jingdong.
Total tobacco sales in Japan reached 3 in 2010. 6 trillion yen (US$45. 2 billion);
About 16% of them-
590 billion yen (US$7. 4 billion)—
In the sales of vending machines
There is an age limit for buying tobacco and alcohol products: only people aged 20 and over can buy them.
However, most vending machines are exposed to public places at all times.
According to the National Survey of smoking and drinking behavior among adolescents conducted by the Ministry of Health in 2008, 24 years old.
9% of boys, 15.
8% high school girls (ages 15–18)and 12.
Boy 3%, 9.
5% of junior high school girls (ages 12–15)
Had a smoking experience
The survey also showed that 30.
4% of boys and 28.
Of the girls who smoke in junior high school, 5% usually buy tobacco from vending machines.
Surprisingly, there is no current legislation to prevent underage students from buying tobacco from vending machines.
The National Federation of tobacco retail cooperation associations has only implemented a voluntary restriction system (NFTRCA).
For example, since 1996, the association has its own regulations that tobacco vending machines are not allowed to operate at night from 23: 00 to 05: 00.
Since July 2008, the government, through the Ministry of Finance, has asked tobacco retailers to install a device on a vending machine to determine the age of the purchaser.
Prior to the introduction of the new regulation, the Japan Tobacco Institute, JVMA and NFTRCA, in line with the tobacco industry, formed an alliance, and started testing a new system called \"taspo\" in Chiba prefecture in 2002 and Kagoshima Prefecture in 2004.
The name Taspo comes from tobacco, entrance, age and passport.
Through Alliance support subsidies, almost all retailers have chosen and built this system in their vending machines.
In order to allow the use of the Taspo system to purchase tobacco from a vending machine, the alliance has issued free Taspo cards containing electronic chips with holder photos.
With the start of the new regulations, NFTRCA issued new voluntary restrictions on August 2008, allowing people holding Taspo cards to buy tobacco from vending machines at any time during the day or at night.
By June 2011, more than 10 million Taspo cards had been issued, reaching the total in just three and a half years.
In a survey by Japan Tobacco International (JTI)
In 2011, the smoking rate among Japanese adults was reported to be 33.
7% of men and 10. 6% of women.
According to these data, there were about 22 million smokers in Japan in 2011.
The Ministry of Health conducted a similar survey in 2009, with an estimated smoking rate of 38.
There are 2% men and 10. 9% for women. Using this (reliable)
According to data, almost half of smokers in Japan now hold Taspo cards.
Kobe Shimen International Limited, Japanat}cdc-kobe.
ComJapan: a customer purchases cigarettes using a \"tas\" age verification card.
US: California\'s tax increase vote failed and was opposed by the industry . . . . . . & On June 5, a California physician voter voted in the ballot box in favor of Bill 29, the cancer research Tobacco Tax Act
50 people defeated the bill by a narrow margin. 3%–49. 7%.
If this bill is successful, a $1 cigarette tax will be added. 00–US$1.
87 per pack for funding cancer research, smoking reduction programmes and tobacco enforcement.
The tobacco industry strongly opposes the move, providing the \"no\" campaign with a large portion of $46.
9 million, compared to $12 toUS.
The \"yes\" campaign received € 3 million, mainly from non-governmental organizations.
While the tobacco industry is expected to oppose such measures, the objections also come from an unlikely source: doctors.
Dr. La Donna Porter, family doctor, appeared in the tobacco industry.
Funding advertising against this proposal.
Her opposition is reminiscent of her appearance in a similar campaign against Proposition 86 on 2006, which would have raised taxes by $2.
A pack of 60 was also defeated.
Dr. Porter is African-American and has received particularly harsh criticism given the high cancer mortality rate among African-Americans.
In an open letter, the leading committee for tobacco control for African Americans (AATCLC)
Q: \". . . Will you or will you get any compensation for your position on Item 29?
It is hard to believe that you will choose this to volunteer in all the problems facing our community.
We ask you to return it if you have already received compensation.
More than African-Americans have been diagnosed with cancer this year alone.
It is hard to believe that you have deliberately participated in this false information campaign launched by the tobacco industry, which has been plundering our communities for a long time.
\"Indonesia: international football players have advertised the British tobacco brand, Manchester United football player Rio Ferdinand, and several international football players to promote the kretek brand Gudang Garam international
Sports Channel, Intersport.
Ferdinand is a goodwill ambassador to the United Nations Children\'s Fund,
An organization has been set up to help young people in poor communities.
Unlike his image of promoting tobacco in Indonesia, the proportion of young people smoking is soaring in Indonesia.
Despite the call to remove the ad and Ferdinand and others stay away from the ad, the British media quoted a Manchester United spokesman as saying: \"The contract agreement between Rio and gudan Garland Intersports will last until October 31, 2012, all forms of advertising will stop at that time.
Both Manchester United and Rio Ferdinand are sorry for this misconception and will try to make sure it doesn\'t happen again in the future.
\"Indonesia: soccer star Rio Ferdinand appeared in an Internet ad on the Intersport channel of gudan Garland International.
India: point of sale graphic warning (according to Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS)
In 2009, about 15% of young people in India (13–15u2005years)
Use tobacco in some form.
GYTS found 56.
2% of young adults are able to buy cigarettes and eight cigarettes.
The tobacco company representative provided 1% cigarettes free of charge, which is clearly in violation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control and the Tobacco Control Act of India.
Since 2004, India\'s tobacco control laws have also called for warnings about selling tobacco products to minors;
However, compliance is low.
Given that the law allows point-of-sale advertisements for tobacco products to contain only health warnings, a large number of young people are exposed to cigarette advertisements.
On 2011, the Indian government imposed a picture health warning at the point of sale, while issuing a text warning prohibiting the sale of tobacco products to minors, exceeding the obligations of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
Strong graphic images cover 50% of the existing text, warning that \"selling tobacco products to people under the age of 18 is a punishable task \", will be displayed in all the places where tobacco exists.
This provision has a dual purpose: to oppose both point-of-sale advertising and to emphasize the prohibition of selling to minors.
However, the assessment of compliance in Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat shows that neither state\'s point of sale has a statutory warning against the sale of tobacco products to minors.
As part of the 2012 World Non-Smoking Day, the Indian Public Health Foundation, together with its project partners, has launched active community mobilization and kiosk advocacy in both states.
By the end of May 2012, more than 3000 tobacco suppliers in 11 of the two states had displayed warning boards for notifications.
This effort was widely reported by media at all levels.
This low-cost advocacy effort leads to progressive compliance with Section 6 (a)
India\'s tobacco control laws restrict the sale of tobacco products to people under the age of 18.
The event also informed communities, especially tobacco sellers, not to sell tobacco products to minors.
Amit yadav of the Indian public health foundation MANJUSHA CHATTERJEEPublic Health Foundation. chatterjee{at}phfi.
OrgIndia: point of sale warning sign.
India: Smoke-free tobacco India is the world\'s largest number of patients with oral cancer, adding 75 to 80 people a year, accounting for nearly 80% of the world\'s total.
Chewing tobacco and gutka or pan masala (
Betel nut crushed with tobacco and other additives)
This is a contributing factor in 90% of cases.
According to the Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS 2010)
More than adult Indians are users of non-smoking tobacco;
It is also used by many children and young people.
Chewing tobacco and gutka are sold in small bags nationwide;
Their simple availability, taste, low price and attractive marketing make them popular among children, youth and women.
India\'s Supreme Court made a landmark decision ruling that chewing tobacco and gutka were classified as food under food safety and standards Act 2006 (FSSA).
Under the Act, any substance that may harm health cannot be used as an ingredient in food, including tobacco and nicotine.
Effectively opens the way to ban these products.
Tobacco control advocates are now focusing on the full implementation of the ruling, as there is still some confusion between regulators at the national level.
By banning non-smoking tobacco and gutka products, three states are leading the way: Central and Kerala (April 2012)
Recently, Bihar (May 2012).
This order is particularly important in Bihar, where every citizen of Bihar eats gutka or pan masala containing tobacco.
Maharashtra and Punjab are also considering banning gutaka in the near future.
This is an important step in reducing tobacco.
Related disease burden in India.
Institute of Medical Education and Research, SONU goelmedical, Chandigarh, Indiaat}yahoo. co.
In Ukraine: waiters serve public places. Ukraine has passed a new law extending the existing ban on smoking in public places.
In addition to health, education and sports venues, smoking will be banned from all restaurants, cafes, bars, cultural and sports venues and government buildings without exception from December 16.
The law will also ban smoking at public transport stations, adding to existing bans on public transport.
Smokers can still smoke in many public places, including outside the restaurant terrace.
Members of Parliament (MPs)
Under the leadership of Mrs. Tatiana Bahteeva, chairman of the parliamentary health committee, delegates from various political parties ensured the adoption of the new law. Of the non-
Government organizations that support this law, and above all the server associations, the biggest victims of smoking in restaurants, reviewing the important role played by Irish bar staff, it passed the world\'s first ban on public places.
In Kiev, the Ukrainian capital, the waiter organized a special meeting near the parliament building showing \"smoke-
Free cake and coffee for members of Congress.
Predictably, the tobacco industry is actively trying to stop the law, and Imperial Tobacco wrote to all members of parliament urging them not to support it.
The letters erroneously claim that banning smoking in other countries will only have negative consequences and claim that governments in other countries will reverse the situation.
In addition, after the adoption of the law on the first reading of Parliament, a \"rights of smokers\" initiative suddenly emerged.
Although smoking was not a human right, its representative was warmly welcomed by the media.
Despite the pressure on the tobacco industry, 368 of the 450 MPs supported the law and no one voted against it.
All government departments also expressed support for the bill, which was signed by President Viktor Yanukovych on June 13.
Kyiv Ministry of Health of Ukraine Konstantin klastoski Instituteat}gmail.
Com Ukraine: no waiter
Outside the parliament building in the capital Kiev, lawmakers spray cakes and coffee to support a comprehensive ban on restaurants, bars and other public places that were not covered by the ban before.
The Cup says, \"coffee tastes good, but the cigarette stinks.
\"Vietnam: The Tobacco Control Act came good news from Vietnam, and on June 30, the National Assembly of Vietnam passed comprehensive tobacco control legislation.
The new law creatively uses tobacco taxes for tobacco control.
A tobacco control fund will be set up with a 1% pre-collection
The consumption tax price has risen to 1 since May 1, 2013.
There were 5% people in the next three years, up from 2% by 2019.
In addition, the law will require that 50% of tobacco packaging be covered with picture health warnings;
100% smoking in public indoor places-
Except for hotels, bars, karaoke venues, free of charge;
Tobacco advertising and promotional activities are prohibited in all respects.
Over the past year, a coalition of health advocates and civil society organizations has been involved in the development of this new law, the Vietnam Smoking and Health Commission (VINACOSH)
Played a leading role. Currently, 47.
4% of Vietnamese men often smoke.
Australia/New Zealand: duty-free cigarettes are on the road beyond their possible budget, and the Australian government has reduced the duty-free allowance for cigarettes from 250-50 grams to 50 grams.
The move effectively abolished duty-free tobacco, which retailers say will become too expensive to stock.
The New Zealand health organization is urging the government to consider similar actions. News analysis—
More than 20 years ago, a small group of editors in London changed
The office of Dr. Stephen Locke, then editor of the British Medical Journal, was packed with public health workers.
We came to ask him to write a new magazine about tobacco control, and he seemed very optimistic at the time;
But Lock, an extraordinary math expert with a strong sense of public health, has to do so.
When tobacco control started, I wrote the first news article (
Including title-
I can see from the shocking pun it contains).
Two years later, I took over as editor of The News analytics department.
Now give it to Marita Hefler-marita. hefler{at}sydney. edu. au—
He is doing his PhD at the University of Sydney, Australia, and I would like to thank many friends and colleagues around the world who have contributed to the news page since;
And urged them to be generous with Marita\'s thoughts and time as they did with me.
I will still submit the material to the Wall Street Journal and will have more time for presentations and teaching activities.
Over the past 18 years, it has been a pleasure to put together news analytics and to see the magazine grow into such a great resource.
As long as there is a tobacco problem, it will remain an important tool for anyone who wants to maximize the tobacco problem.
David Simpsonsimpson{at}ctsu. ox. ac.
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