The history of the development of China's plastic packaging industry
The establishment and development of China's plastic packaging can be divided into two stages, namely, the gestation and establishment of China's plastic packaging industry (national liberation to the beginning of reform and opening up) and the rapid development of China's plastic packaging industry.
In 1949, when the country was liberated until the early 1980s, at this stage, due to the long-term stagnation of the planned economy and the retreat policy, the development of plastic packaging was very slow. During this time, some plastic packaging enterprises were also established, except for the number. A small number of large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises have introduced some advanced plastic molding equipment and technology from abroad. The vast majority of small and medium-sized enterprises in the plastic packaging industry are not only small in scale, but also use equipment with low technical content. Soil equipment', product quality is low, production efficiency is not high. Until 1981, the total output of China's plastic packaging materials is less than 200,000 tons (only 19.1 tons), far from adapting to the needs of national economic development.
The policy of reform and opening up has effectively promoted the development of China's national economy and greatly accelerated the development of China's plastic packaging industry. From 1981 to 2001, the output of plastic packaging materials nationwide increased. It was 3.5 million tons, and it has reached 16.29 million tons in the next decade, an increase of more than 80 times compared with 1981. In the short period of 30 years after the reform and opening up, China's plastic packaging industry has completed a small to large transformation. As far as its production scale is concerned, China's production of plastic packaging materials has far surpassed that of developed countries in the West and Japan. Ranked first in the world, its development rate is very amazing and encouraging.
The rapid development of plastic packaging materials in China is driven by favorable external factors and is determined by the unparalleled advantages of plastic packaging materials. First of all, from the perspective of external factors, the rapid development of China's plastic packaging materials first benefited from the implementation of the reform and opening up policy. Reform and opening up have completely changed the economic structure of the past planned economy and self-restraint, and effectively promoted the production of goods and foreign trade. Packaging in the era of planned economy has not been able to attract enough attention, as an important and indispensable part of commodities, people feel a heavy weight, especially in the early 1980s, the so-called 'first-class goods' of China's export commodities. The facts of second-class packaging and third-class price gave people a vivid lesson. The development of packaging was mentioned on the agenda. The State Council took the lead in setting up the China Packaging Association and the State Council Packaging Improvement Office, which are listed by the deputy director of the Economic Commission. Various provinces and municipalities have also set up packaging associations and provincial and municipal packaging coordination offices with the deputy directors of provincial and municipal economic commissions as the directors. The objective urgent needs and the attention of leaders at all levels have greatly accelerated the development of China's packaging and plastic packaging industry.
Intrinsic factors: Plastic products are characterized by their wide variety, superior performance, adaptability and wide application. Currently, industrial synthetic resins have formed a complete range of general plastics, engineering plastics and specialty resins. Synthetic resin systems, plastics have reached dozens of kinds of resins, and there are more than tens of thousands of practical brands, which can meet the various requirements of various products for packaging: in addition, plastics also have molding. The advantages of convenience and low cost have shown obvious comprehensive advantages in competition with various traditional packaging materials. At the same time, after the reform and opening up, China's overall industrial level has been rapidly and greatly improved, the rapid development of synthetic resins and additives, plastic molding equipment and molds and other related industries of plastic packaging, the advantages of plastic packaging The play has given great support.