pointing fingers: ocean plastic is tragedy of the commons

by:Yucai     2019-12-28
Marine plastic is a huge problem.
But who is the problem?
It depends on who you ask.
The problem of damage to the marine ecosystem more than $ 13b per year seems to be more of a large-
More massive government action than people like you and me.
But should we expect the government to bear those costs?
After all, it is the company that created most of the plastic packaging, they are the company that \"put it outside.
\"Again, they only use plastic packaging because consumers pay them.
If consumers stop voting for plastic packaging in their dollars, or if they ask the government to encourage change, there won\'t be so much plastic waste.
Again, waste and recycling companies are part of the problem.
We often read stories about America now. S. -
Entities at headquarters have charged excessive fees for the services of municipalities.
The companies accused the city of saying that the materials the city sent them were too contaminated.
The waste disposal company also blamed the recycling company.
Because they don\'t pay enough.
Let\'s not exclude investors.
Can\'t they work by actively investing in problem-solving businesses, stripping or withholding funds from businesses that are part of the problem? And so it goes.
Marine plastic seems to be a problem for everyone, so no one is really a problem.
Simplifying complex challenges to simple heroes and villains is just a way to give up personal responsibility, which clearly shifts our focus on more resources for the marine plastic crisis.
Marine plastics is a system problem that requires a comprehensive system solution where each participant can play an important role.
The figure is estimated to be trillions of dollars, but not yet in 2012.
5% of the development funds are for solid waste management.
The real question, therefore, is not who should be blamed, but how can these different actors redistribute their resources and actions to address the crisis in a mutually complementary manner?
Let\'s take the government as an example.
Governments tend to tax or ban rather than invest in critical infrastructure or improve health facilities, which cost more money.
Efforts to ban one-time use of plastic such as straws or plastic bags, while very effective in raising public awareness of the problem of marine plastic, are of little help in solving it.
In fact, unfortunately, these disposable plastics account for less than 1% of marine plastics.
In addition, banning something can lead to the use of another method, which can lead to negative external factors of its own.
Picking out a product or material to tax or ban it does not help us to manage waste better.
Consumer brands and plastic companies are clearly the easiest targets.
It can be said that businesses decide that consumers end up using more packaging than any other actor.
They need to improve the packaging design and increase the demand for recycled materials to facilitate the circular economy.
Indeed, when the Allen MacArthur Foundation announced a global commitment to the new plastic economy, many of them agreed to do so, and some promised to spend $100 on circulating capital.
Promises don\'t change the outcome, but it\'s a good start.
What about consumers?
It\'s easy to blame companies and governments for not doing enough, but consumers have to recognize that they play a key role in this issue and thus address it.
It is essential to change the company\'s approach, but the power of the wallet cannot be overemphasized.
Consumers can change their spending habits, buy more durable products, reuse packaging, and force companies to develop better plastic practices.
In fact, in many South and Southeast Asian countries that leak the most plastic into the ocean,
National companies account for only a small part of the market.
Giving up the lower cost plastic packaging will only be replaced by smaller or local players who are not on the activist radar screen.
The recycler accused the brand of not paying enough for the recycled material, or the city of paying enough.
But recyclers can and should do more. In the U. S.
For example, the recycling infrastructure was built decades ago and we didn\'t invest enough money to adapt to new types of plastics like flexible plastics.
These solutions are not enough without silver bullets.
In order to convert plastic waste into resources, we need to adopt a range of solutions: from public policies and corporate commitments to changes in financial incentives and human behavior.
Some of these solutions-such as the development of plastic alternatives-may take considerable time to scale.
I think we can now develop better recycling and better waste management technologies and practices in two areas.
For example, in South and Southeast Asia, where capital flows, 45% of the plastic waste flowing into our oceans each year comes from five countries in the region, mainly because of the region\'s rapid economic growth, basic waste management and recycling infrastructure are lagging behind.
This delta provides valuable opportunities for innovation, investment and economic development to encourage new recycling and waste management industries and entrepreneurs to flourish.
But we still have a long way to go.
In order to achieve this goal, we must stop blaming and work together with global capabilities to resolve this crisis.
Time is not on our side.
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